“RED” or genuine emergency are indicated if your pet is experiencing cluster seizures, active seizures, or status epilepticus. It is important to seek immediate veterinary care for your pet’s well-being.

A veterinary neurologist undergoes a rigorous three-year internship and residency training after veterinary school.

They specialize in diagnosing and treating various neurological disorders like brain tumors, epilepsy, and meningitis.

In Bright Care Veterinary Group, you will find they are skilled in both medical management and intricate surgeries involving the brain and spinal cord, and they will conduct unique physical exams.

These exams involve gentle probing of sensory organs, joint manipulation, reflex testing, and unconventional maneuvers to pinpoint the specific neurological issues affecting their patients.

There are several conditions that affect your furry friend’s nervous system, as a result there can be significant issues for their wellbeing. Hence, it is necessary to see a Veterinary Neurologist under the following conditions.

1. Seizures

A seizure is an uncontrollable surge of electrical activity between brain cells, leading to temporary disruptions in muscle tone, movement, behavior, sensation, and awareness.

Causes can include:

  • Brain tumors
  • Trauma
  • Toxins
  • Metabolic issues
  • High blood pressure
  • Liver disease

In some cases, the cause remains unknown, termed idiopathic epilepsy. Extensive diagnostic tests may be necessary to identify the underlying cause of your pet’s seizure activity.

2. Balance disorders

Symptoms such as falling, circling, head tilt, lack of coordination, and erratic eye movements in pets may indicate abnormalities affecting their vestibular system.

These issues can stem from conditions like:

  • Ear infections
  • Stroke
  • Head trauma
  • Thyroid disorders
  • Nerve inflammation
  • Tumors
  • Specific vitamin deficiencies

If you observe such signs in your pet, it is crucial to seek veterinary attention promptly for proper diagnosis and treatment.

3. Inflammatory diseases

Meningitis involves inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges), while encephalitis refers to inflammation of the brain itself.

Common causes of these conditions include infection by viruses, bacteria, protozoa, rickettsia, fungi, and parasites.

Additionally, immune-mediated disorders and exposure to certain chemical agents can lead to meningitis and encephalitis.

Symptoms of meningitis include:

  • Fever
  • Neck pain
  • Muscle spasms

While encephalitis may present with:

  • Depression
  • Blindness
  • Partial paralysis
  • Seizures
  • Behavioral changes
  • Head tilt
  • Circling
  • Coma

4. Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD)

When intervertebral discs bulge or rupture, encroaching upon the spinal cord space, it can lead to compression of the nerves within the spinal cord. This compression can result in pain, nerve damage, and even paralysis.

Breeds at higher risk for this condition include shih tzus, basset hounds, dachshunds, and German shepherds.

5. Cancers messing up the nervous system

Various malignant tumors can impact your pet’s brain, spinal cord, and nerves, with symptoms depending on the affected area.

6.     Nerve and muscle disorders

Neuromuscular diseases in pets can lead to abnormalities in nerve and muscle function, manifesting in symptoms such as:

  • Muscle weakness and atrophy
  • Difficulty in walking or even standing
  • Swallowing issues
  • Regurgitation

Severe neurological signs in pets can often be managed with treatment, ensuring a good quality of life.

For questions or concerns about your pet’s symptoms, consult your family veterinarian or a board-certified veterinary neurologist for specialized care and guidance.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *